TEHRAN – The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has provided 6 pieces of air pollution analysis equipment to Iran as part of air pollution control capability development in Tehran Municipality Project.
The seventh Joint Coordination Committee (JCC) of the JICA Project for Capacity Development on Air Pollution Control in Tehran Municipality has been formed, ISNA reported on Sunday.
This project, which started in 2017, is one of the largest and most comprehensive projects in the field of air pollution by the Japanese in collaboration with Iranian experts covers various aspects of air pollution air in Tehran, and finally providing solutions to reduce air pollution for the metropolis of Tehran will end this year.
Pollution control equipment worth $1.5 million will be provided to Tehran Municipal Air Quality Control Company. By the end of this year, anti-pollution equipment worth $1.5 million will be provided to the air quality control company as a technical cooperation project.
The cooperation between the two parties will continue in the years to come, with a focus on finding the most appropriate solutions to reduce air pollution in this metropolis.
The document was signed at a time when the recent air pollution crisis in Tehran due to dust storms has doubled the need to develop air pollution monitoring stations in Tehran.
In accordance with the agreement, JICA will provide air pollution analysis equipment needed to measure gas emissions, perform chemical analyzes on particles, and implement other related activities in the capital, so that sources of air pollutants, emission volumes and generation mechanisms can be assessed and analyzed with greater accuracy, contributing to air pollution mitigation.
Air pollution is one of the potentially deadly environmental factors. The effects of air pollution on human health have long been considered, since the early 1990s, air pollution in cities, especially in metropolises in developing countries, has been recognized as the one of the most important environmental concerns in the world.
Airborne particles can have both short- and long-term effects on the health of people living in polluted areas, experts say. Air pollution has various impacts on different people, which appear more on vulnerable groups such as children and the elderly.
Three million people die each year from air pollution, and in some countries the number of people who die from the same factor is greater than the number of victims of traffic accidents. Air pollution is one of the most important prerequisites for sustainable development because of its implications for the living conditions of future generations, which can be affected by many potential factors.
Air pollution kills approximately seven million people worldwide each year. WHO data shows that almost all of the world’s population (99%) breathe air that exceeds WHO guideline limits containing high levels of pollutants, with low- and middle-income countries suffering from the exposures the highest.
Air pollution is responsible for around 40,000 premature deaths in Iran every year, said Mohammad-Sadeq Hassanvand, director of the air pollution research center at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, in July 2020.
From the smog that hangs over cities to the smoke inside homes, air pollution poses a major threat to health and the climate. The combined effects of ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution cause millions of premature deaths each year, largely due to increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, lung disease chronic obstructive diseases, lung cancer and acute respiratory infections.